Inventory of alpine-relevant parametres for an alpine monitoring systems using remote sensing data.
General Information : The international convention on the protection of the Alps concludeci that alpine environment is under imminent threat, and demands comprehensive counter-measures. While the Alps represent one of the most sensitive ecosystems in Europe the pressure on them is far greater than on other environments. Far-sighted national and aossborder planning is necessary to ensure tha,t preventive measures can be implemented by nature conservation councils, regional planning departments, tourist boards and forestry and agricuitural authorities. The success of such measures crucially depends on the availability of information about the kind of alpine vegetation patterns found and their development dynamics. ALPMON envisages tihat, by means of the analysis of TM-, SPOT- and MOMS-sensors of alpine landscapes selecteci for their typical characteristics, a basic landscape register for an alpine monitoring system will be compiled which will serve as the basis for planning tasks. The components of the alpine monitoring system will, firstly, be derived from the resuits of a ciassification of satellite images and, secondly, be extrapolated from thematic maps. The information levels will be harmonized in the different test sites. To realize the aims of ALPMON the following tasks will be carried out: Remote Sensing tasks Primary information on the nature and state of vegetation and of residential areas for ALPMON will be compiled solely by means of remote sensing. Accordingly, remote sensing data plays a key role in the construction of information systems which use a small scale. An important objective, therefore, is the testing of operational and semi operational processing methods which permit the as precise a compilation of specified parameters as possible. GIS tasks The analysis of topographical, hydrological and geological parameters which, firstly, are integrated as auxiliary information in the processing of satellit images and, secondly, provide the basis for applications will be extracted from information contained in existing maps. In order to integrate and network the various types of information sources (remote sensing, thematic maps, digital altitude models, meteorological information) different GIS-analyses techniques have to be performed. Feasibility Studies In order to demonstrate the feasibility of the aipine monitoring system specifi applications will be performed in close cooperation with national customers in the following fields: * Hydroiogical modelling of water nun off * Production of avalanches and landslide risk maps * Development of a remote sensing aided environmental quality assessment in res of tourism A further result will be a concept for the establishment of a remote sensing ba alpine information introduced to the
Professur für Fernerkundung und Landschaftsinformationssysteme
Prof. Dr. Barbara Koch
79106 Freiburg i. Br.
Telefon: +49 761 203-3694
Fax: +49 761 203-3701